Trevor Reynolds has chased stardom in Nashville for more than a dozen years, but it remains out of his reach. Spinster Miss Eleanor Lockhart is suddenly homeless and employment is her only option. A deadly rivalry. Two families at war. Nobody is safe, not even the innocent. Especially the innocent. Blood will be spilled. As the only daughter of Primo Galante, notorious boss of the Galante crime family, her life is dictated by a certain set of rules… rules Genna was never very good at following.
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Distrust is no match for desire as a proper young miss and a self-professed rogue hunt down a murderer in this thrilling Disgraced Lords novel. Arend Aubury trusts no one besides his fellow Libertine Scholars. After his family escaped from France, penniless and persecuted, only the Scholars took him in. So when the stepdaughter of the villainess who has been plotting against them approaches Arend with allegations against their enemy, he suspects a double cross. When a powerful relic goes missing from a secret society that dabbles in the occult, Miss Ianthe Martin is charged with finding it at all costs.
She needs help, but all clues point to someone on the inside being the thief. Love and revenge both come at a price. Catching one lowlife after another, she continues her search for the only man she really cares to locate. The one whose voice she will never forget; the man who murdered her husband. Until the night he apprehends a rogue footman in their midst and discovers the spy is Lady Mairi MacNair—the woman who long ago broke his heart. The first in a sexy contemporary romance series featuring the Lawless siblings—from New York Times bestselling author Lexi Blake. The Lawless siblings are bound by vengeance.
This seductive paranormal series continues with a brutal Highland werewolf and an exquisite young witch, adversaries with a blood vendetta between them. Her breathless kiss haunts him… Bowen MacRieve of the Lykae clan was nearly destroyed when he lost the one woman meant for him. The ruthless warrior grew even colder, never taking another to his bed—until a smoldering encounter with his enemy, Mariketa the Awaited, reawakens his darkest desires. The family-run Green Mountain Country Store is cherished by locals as a reminder of simpler times.
The Abbott children are determined to keep it that way—but their father has different plans… When Cameron Murphy heads to Vermont to build a website for a new client, she imagines a more relaxing trip than she gets. Because as everyone knows, it takes a thief to catch a thief—or to seduce one. The old farmhouse in the French countryside is a refuge for former jewel thief Josephine Deveraux. His latest prey: the sole survivor of a massacre that killed his brother years ago.
Kayla Roy claimed she was a victim of the carnage. Then she disappeared. Matthias thinks Kayla may have actually been the killer—and he wants justice. Kayla Roy never stays in one place too long and never lets a man get too close. Opposites attract… Even if he is the catch of the season, Charlotte Livingston has a low opinion of the wildly handsome Marquess of Camryn. Camryn is everything a social reformer like Charlotte detests. Besides, her loyalty belongs to another man. She loathes people. Quinn Baldwyn is in a mess of his own.
The USA Today bestselling author of Outside the Lines once again explores love on the edge in an explosive new romance about obsession, betrayal, and a killer attraction. Lee Delgado never planned on falling in love with the irresistible Oliver Savoca, son of a Chicago crime lord. Considering that their families are rivals, she knew it could never work. Faced with a future of exile and scorn, Gauri has nothing left to lose.
Hope unexpectedly comes in the form of Vikram, the cunning prince of a neighboring land and her sworn enemy kingdom. Unsatisfied with becoming a mere puppet king, Vikram offers Gauri a chance to win back her kingdom in exchange for her battle prowess. In this irresistible romance from the New York Times bestselling author of Happily Bedded Bliss, appearances can deceive, but the heart is not so easy to fool… Rosamund Carrow has spent years learning the law by assisting her barrister father, despite the frustrating truth that the profession is closed to women.
When he dies unexpectedly, necessity compels her to disguise herself as a man so she can step into the courtroom to finish his cases. Neurologist Helen Chang Frobisher is on a mission to ban hockey from Portland to prevent the kind of concussive brain injury that plagues her father. But while the two spar in public over the future of a sports franchise on the brink, in private, they battle an impossible attraction. I am a daughter. A sister. A friend. With her fiery spirit and vibrant beauty, she is still the woman who holds his heart, but revealing his heritage now would condemn them both.
That was what they said about Damien Rosier. No one messed with his family, because to do so they would have to get through him. No one thought he had a heart. Not even the woman he gave his to. That was what they said about Jasmin Bianchi. A top perfumer of her generation, Jess had achieved commercial success by growing a protective shell over a tender heart.
Childhood friends. Tristan Rosier might have asked Malorie Monsard to marry him when he was five years old, but things had only gone downhill from there. Now she was back, to wreak who knew what havoc on his life. Lifelong enemies. Miki Durand has always dodged the limelight.
Two rugged men show a trespasser just what happens when a good girl breaks the rules. And an experienced agent in seduction is captured by her enemy, who turns her worst fears into her darkest cravings. One night. No one will know. That was the deal. Every year, Livvy Kane and Nicholas Chandler would share one perfect night of illicit pleasure. The forbidden hours let them forget the tragedy that haunted their pasts—and the last names that made them enemies.
Maxim Proud and passionate, the Marquess of Bradbury swore vengeance on those who had stolen his title and lands. When the Duke of Lexington meets the mysterious Baroness von Seidlitz-Hardenberg on a transatlantic liner, he is fascinated. He falls hard and fast—and soon proposes marriage. The public knows her as a glamorous and tempestuous diva, mistress to emperors, a reputation created by the newspapers and the ruthless man who exploited her. Now she has come to London to make a fresh start and find her long lost English family.
What happens when the kink between the pages leads to heat between the sheets? Jay na Thalang is a demanding, driven genius. Maria has always been cautious. Emmaline Sutherland aboard thePride and ferry the raven-haired beauty across the Atlantic on what he imagines will be a routine trip. Nine years ago, Richard Allen fled England and his controlling father. As a young, penniless gentleman, Maxwell Harwick knew he had little to offer Juliet White—the most beautiful debutante of the season—except his love, and one thoroughly scandalous kiss.
Trapped by a storm and with no way out, Leigh must face the man that she both despises and desires After the death of her rock star husband, Richard, Leigh swore off musicians. And she burns with malice for the handsome Norman savage who would enslave her. Everyone makes mistakes, especially in college. Three years ago, London society changed forever, with a revolution placing the widowed Queen firmly on the throne her blue blood husband tried to take from her. Humans, verwulfen and mechs are no longer considered the lesser classes, but not everybody is happy with the new order… Entire families have gone missing in the East End.
Sabine Banchory is a sensible, intelligent, and eminently capable woman—which is why she was forced to marry a short-sighted reprobate. She tries to keep her husband in line while he fritters away her dowry at gambling dens and flaunts his affairs. The Earl of Kingston is just the sort of man she most despises.
As teens, all they cared about was psyching each other out before concerts. Debut author Sally Thorne bursts on the scene with a hilarious and sexy workplace comedy all about that thin, fine line between hate and love. Nemesis n. She will not give up… Three months ago, governess Serena Barton was let go from her position. In this fun, scorching-hot eBook original romance by Ruthie Knox, a cross-country bike adventure takes a detour into unexplored passion. As readers will discover, Ride with Me is not about the bike! When Lexie Marshall places an ad for a cycling companion, she hopes to find someone friendly and fun to cross the TransAmerica Trail with.
Lonesome Lily Turned Scandalous Siren Miss Lillian Hargrove has lived much of her life alone in a gilded cage, longing for love and companionship. With the painting now public, Lily has no choice but to turn to the one man who might save her from ruin. She intends for her daughter to pick a husband of her own choosing as the women of her tribe do. Red Rose is the digital reissue of a previously published and long out-of-print novel by New York Times bestselling author Mary Balogh.
Edward Marsh, Earl of Raymore, is a connoisseur of beauty, whether it be music or art or women. When he inherits two wards, however, and decides to marry them off as soon as possible during a London Season, he finds one of them virtually unmarriageable. Quirky and fun-loving American heiress Daisy Bowman is the last unmarried Wallflower. Daisy is horrified. A Bowman never admits defeat, so she decides to do whatever it takes to marry someone. Now his tech firm is considering opening a local facility. ABDUCTION Never had Elspeth Stewart imagined her wedding would be interrupted by a dark-haired stranger charging in on a black stallion, scooping her into his arms, and carrying her off across the wild Scottish highlands.
Pressed against his hard chest and nestled between his strong thighs, she ought to have feared for her life. This Fight Is Personal… Wizards and vampires have been mortal enemies since the beginning. One duel could be considered a matter of honor, but three duels are attempted murder! What happens when you fall for your biggest competition? Sara Rider scores with this charming romance about soccer stars battling their tough opponents and playing the field of love. A woman burdened by war…A doctor torn between passion and duty…A sweeping tale of love in the face of dishonor from the incomparable storyteller—Kathleen Woodiwiss.
Alaina MacGaren is forced to flee the devastation of her homeland in the guise of a young boy, only to find sanctuary in the arms of an enemy. Is anything sweeter than revenge? In a family of remarkable people, ordinary Beatrice strives to prove herself worthy. When her family is threatened with losing everything, she rushes to London to save them. Unfortunately, she chooses as her savior the very man who will see her family brought low. The only item stolen—a million-dollar bottle of bourbon. The thief, a mysterious woman named Paris, claims the bottle is rightfully hers.
Can the golden boy of Copper Ridge, Oregon, get a second chance at happy-ever-after? Ranching heir Colton West knew his wedding would be the talk of the town. The only thing crazier than honeymooning with Lydia is waking up married to her. After years of planning, all the players are in place; he needs just one member of the aristocratic owning family on his side—Natalia De la Grip.
The tiny village of Hemshawe is the sort of place where nothing ever happens…until a handsome ex-soldier and his matchmaking sister let the imposing manor house at the edge of town. The friendly Londoners shake up the staid people of Hemshawe, and villagers see each other in a new and oh-so-appealing light.
Back in high school, she revved his heart more than street racing. They even become friends. But when Sam asks Rikki to model for his sculpting project, they start spending more time together—and her feelings for him get more complicated. Once upon a time, poor little rich girl Zelda Madison wanted someone to love her, until she discovered being a badass was much more fun.
From acclaimed author Elizabeth Essex comes the adventurous first book in the Highland Brides, a quartet of bold, brilliant lasses determined to make their own happily ever afters. A risk worth taking… No one would ever accuse Jace Berisha of having an easy life—considering her husband…you know…killed her. But that was then! Now she fights for mighty Viking gods with the spectacular and vicious Crows. But things are turning very bad, very quickly because a vengeful, ancient goddess has come into the world with just one thing on her mind—ending it. An Indecent Proposal! That is, until she deliberately ruins the betrothal of a notorious laird, Robert, Marquis of Methven.
Too bad James and his family are enemy number 1. Hallorans vs. True, the exquisite Yorkshire lady is a mere sheep farmer, but she also guards a most colorful past that makes her only more appealing to the handsome, haunted lord. So is she. But by night, she rides as highwayman Blackerby Swift, seeking vengeance against the man who took from her all she once loved.
Then a pistol shot on a moonlit heath brings her face-to-face with a rival highwayman: Marcus Worthington, darkly handsome, lethally dangerous—and determined to stop her. When Rachelle was fifteen she was good—apprenticed to her aunt and in training to protect her village from dark magic. But she was also reckless— straying from the forest path in search of a way to free her world from the threat of eternal darkness. After an illicit meeting goes dreadfully wrong, Rachelle is forced to make a terrible choice that binds her to the very evil she had hoped to defeat. Her singers will need to prove themselves during halftime at every football game, plus take first place at Regionals.
Then…she meets her competition. An illicit attraction. Seven years ago, billionaire-turned-bodyguard Elijah Hunt lost everything he had—his family, his future—and now he wants revenge. But when he decides to kidnap the daughter of the man who ruined his life, Elijah gets a lot more than he bargained for. Violet Fitzgerald is nothing like her corrupt wealthy father. Sometimes you find love in the most unexpected of places… This is not one of those times.
Everyone expects Billie Bridgerton to marry one of the Rokesby brothers. The two families have been neighbors for centuries, and as a child the tomboyish Billie ran wild with Edward and Andrew. Either one would make a perfect husband… someday. Sometimes you fall in love with exactly the person you think you should… Or not. With blood still drying on the front lines at Waterloo, Lady Grace Carrington helps an injured soldier to a British medical tent. Put on administrative leave under a cloud of accusation, with no support from her boss, Natalia seeks a little anonymous companionship at her favorite bar.
And he most definitely will not appear in Edinburgh to pay homage to a liege who has no respect for Scotland. So he does what any laird would do—he lies to the king. The last thing Ruairi expects is a beautiful English governess to appear on his doorstep.
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But for the proper Victorian-era ladies who love them, a hint of danger only makes their hearts beat faster… A scandalous proposal. So when a notorious traitor wanted by the authorities suddenly risks his life to save hers, she has to wonder why. When Cassie Taylor met Ethan Holt at acting school, sparks flew.
She was the good girl actress. He was the bad boy about campus. But one fated casting choice for Romeo and Juliet changed it all. Until he broke her heart and betrayed her trust. Now the A-list heartthrob is back in her life and turning her world around. From New York Times bestselling author Nicole Jordan comes this Romeo and Juliet-like story-the scorching second book in her wickedly sexy Legendary Lovers regency romance series, following Princess Charming.
Maya Banks, the New York Times bestselling author of erotic romance, romantic suspense, and contemporary romance, has captivated readers with her steamy Scottish historical novels, perfect for fans of Julie Garwood. In Seduction of a Highland Lass, an indomitable Highland warrior is caught between loyalty and forbidden love. Fiercely loyal to his elder brother, Alaric McCabe leads his clan in the fight for their birthright.
Now he is prepared to wed for duty, as well. The in-between world where time had no power over reason. We fell in love. We fell hard. But then we woke up. And it was over. For the first time in her life, Hedley Sinclair holds the keys to her own future. No one except Rafe Danvers—the charming, fiendish man from Fallow Hall. Rafe has … Continue reading The Devilish Mr. He was wise, strong, and brave.
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His destiny was to be king. She was young, beautiful, a warrior princess. Her destiny was to love him. But when first they met, it was not as princess and king — it was as man and woman only, consumed by a passion so sudden, so deep that the very world exploded with one kiss. In fact, as a besotted girl, she thrived under his kind attention — sure that he was the most noble and handsome man in the land.
Until her young heart discovered what manner of rogue he really was.
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From popular romance author Kate Meader comes the second novel in Hot in Chicago, a brand-new, sizzling series that follows a group of firefighting foster siblings and their blazing hot love interests! As the only female firefighter at Engine Co. Lady Sarra Bellacote would sooner marry a boar than a countryman of the bloodthirsty brutes who killed her parents.
And yet, despite—or perhaps because of—her valuable holdings, she is being dragged to Scotland to be wed against her will. To complicate the desperate situation, the knight hired to do the dragging is dark, wild, irresistible. And he, too, is intolerably Scottish. As the top assassin at The Circle, a shadowy group of mercenaries, Olivia St.
Vincent can hunt down anyone. She never worked for the good guys. Let the battle begin Mia Pruitt wishes Dell Wainwright would keep his shirt on. Yet when both farms end up in jeopardy, Mia and Dell suddenly find themselves on the same team. An Old Flame Cassie Armstrong has plenty to atone for. Especially Dante, the first of the phoenixes, the one they call the Immortal.
Turning Los Angeles inside out to retrieve Trey and save their ranch from a ruthless land grab is a no brainer, even if it puts his badge at risk. Should his heavily-favored colt win, the Crosby reputation and fortunes would be revived. So after a very public breakup, work is the perfect excuse to flee the Windy City for the gentle breezes of Aspen, Colorado. Her mission: acquire the land of a rundown mountain ranch.
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Avery expects an easy win. A sparkling prize of war The beautiful, cherished daughter of Scottish nobility, Melusine of Ulle had all the privileges of rank. But her family and her life were destroyed by the ravages of war. Minka Shokat only needs two things in life: her fourth-generation Wayfarer spaceship, and two best friends and crewmates by her side.
Anjali and Tex were the only people to stand by her after she was falsely branded a traitor and kicked out of Central Command five years ago. Since then, Minka has kept as far from Command as the galaxy will allow. Working with her friends on their own terms beats flying warships any day.
The vampire Roke is raw, sensual, always in control. The pair will remain bound for eternity unless Sally breaks the spell. The trouble is, she has no idea how. A tantalizing new Regency romance filled with the most elegant society—and the most forbidden desires… England, Unwilling to upset her sister, Delia reluctantly agrees to attend a party at the Sutherland estate—and avoid the gossip at all costs. What happens when a carefree, disreputable, stone-broke bachelor is forced to find a wife in a hurry?
He hires a matchmaker, of course. Forget you put a woman in the local jail for a few months — and she takes it so personally! And yet she is the one trying to assassinate the queen. That endless name! But what am I to do? But it also means confronting Vikram Jathar. First in a brand new series featuring the members of the Nine Circles Club—friends bound together by power, secrets, need…and the love they will find and stop at nothing to keep.
Passion always comes at a price. Gabriel Woolf is unstoppable. A ruthless businessman, he has perfected the art of revenge. Murdered before he could wed Regin the Radiant, warlord Aidan the Fierce seeks his beloved through eternity, reborn again and again into new identities, yet with no memory of his past lives. When Regin encounters Declan Chase, a brutal Celtic soldier, she recognizes her proud warlord reincarnated.
Ash Turner has waited a lifetime to seek revenge on the man who ruined his family — and now the time for justice has arrived. At Parford Manor, he intends to take his place as the rightful heir to the dukedom and settle an old score with the current duke once and for all. But instead he finds himself drawn to a tempting beauty who has the power to undo all his dreams of vengeance…. Officer Luc Moretti had no idea that his dive into the East River would have him drowning in a media frenzy. By edict of the king, the mighty Scottish laird Alec Kincaid must take an English bride.
His choice was Jamie, youngest daughter of Baron Jamison…a feisty, violet-eyed beauty. Alec ached to touch her, to tame her, to possess her…forever. But Jamie vowed never to surrender to this highland barbarian. He was everything her heart warned against—an arrogant scoundrel whose rough good looks spoke of savage pleasures. The Bluestocking Lady Corinna Mowbray has three passions: excellent books, intelligent conversation, and disdaining the libertine Earl of Chance. The Rake Lord Ian Chance has three pleasures: beautiful women, fast horses, and tormenting high-and-mighty Corinna Mowbray.
But when a twist of fate forces them to trade lives, how long will it be before they discover they cannot live without each other? To get to the lady, though, Marcelline must win over Clevedon, whose standards are as high as his morals are…not. He needs to be in charge and takes whatever he wants. Do-it-yourself mantra. One winter day, everything modern society has grown to rely on—electricity, cell phones, and, unfortunately, plumbing—stops working. A lord in danger. A magician in turmoil. A snowball in hell.
Exiled to China for twenty years, Lucien Vaudrey never planned to return to England. But with the mysterious deaths of his father and brother, it seems the new Lord Crane has inherited an earldom. The Ache people, hunter-gatherers who lived in the jungles of Paraguay until the s, offer a glimpse into the darker side of foraging. See: Kim Hill and A. Anthropologists who lived with them for years report that violence between adults was very rare. Most scholars agree that animistic beliefs were common among ancient foragers. For discussion on animism in hunter-gatherer society see: Hervey C.
Peoples, Pavel Duda and Frank W. In Sungir, Russia, archeologists discovered in a 30,year-old burial site belonging to a mammoth-hunting culture. For a comprehensive review see: Erik Trinkaus, Alexandra P. Buzhilova, Maria B. Mednikova and Maria V. The anthropological evidence is intriguing but very problematic. For a series of studies on hunter-gatherers and violence see: Mark W.
Allen and Terry L. Jones, ed. Schweitzer, Megan Biesele and Robert K. Duly warned, we can now turn to the archeological findings. Cunha, C. Umbelino and F. At Jabl Sahaba in Sudan, a 12,year-old cemetery containing 59 skeletons was discovered. In Ofnet Cave in Bavaria,.
Indigenous Arabs are descendants of the earliest split from ancient Eurasian populations
Parker-Pearson and I. Thorpe, ed. James F. Nina G. Erlandson and Torben C. Timothy F. Barnosky et al. Brook and David M. Miller et al. Roberts et al. Brooks et al. Wroe and J. Turney et al. David J. Paul L. Koch and Anthony D. Flores, for example, was colonized as far back as , years ago. Robin W. Their first achievement was the colonization of Australia some 45, years ago.
The first human footprint on a sandy Australian beach was immediately washed away by the waves. Thirdly, mass extinctions akin to the archetypal Australian decimation occurred again and again in the ensuing millennia—whenever people settled another part of the Outer World. In these cases Sapiens guilt is irrefutable. George L. Perrt et al. A similar fate befell the mammoth population of Wrangel Island in the Arctic Ocean.
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Stuart et al. Large animals—the primary victims of the Australian extinction—breed slowly. They slowly honed their hunting skills, and began going after large animals around , years ago. The second explanation is that by the time Sapiens reached Australia, they had already mastered fire agriculture. Stephen Wroe et al. It was followed by an even larger ecological disaster, this time in America. At first, glaciers blocked the way from Alaska to the rest of America, allowing no more then perhaps a few isolated pioneers to investigate the lands further south.
The settling of America was hardly bloodless. It left behind a long trail of victims. At the time of the Cognitive Revolution, the planet was home to about genera of large terrestrial mammals weighing over 50 kilograms. Anthony D. The large island of Madagascar, about kilometers east of the African mainland, offers a famous example. David A. Burney, Guy S. David W. Steadman and Paul S. Norton, Walker and Drew H.
Katherine A. Manfred Heun et al. Ucko and G. Dimbleby ed. Avi Pinkas ed. Amoroso and P. Mourant and F. The transition to agriculture began around — BC in the hill country of southeastern Turkey, western Iran, and the Levant. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Scholars once believed that agriculture spread from a single Middle Eastern point of origin to the four corners of the world. For general discussions, dates and geographic spread see: C. Wesley Cowan and Patty Jo Watson, ed. Isbell, ed.
Worldwide, wheat covers about 2. The body of Homo sapiens had not evolved for such tasks. About 18, years ago, the last ice age gave way to a period of global warming. Peter U. Clark et al. Evidence of such settlements has been discovered throughout the Middle East, particularly in the Levant, where the Natufian culture flourished from 12, BC to BC. Valla, ed. Stonehenge dates to BC, and was built by a developed agricultural society. Oliver Dietrich et al. Today the world contains about one billion sheep, one billion pigs, more than one billion cattle, and more than 25 billion chickens.
And they are all over the globe. In contrast, the vast majority of domesticated chickens and cattle are slaughtered at the age of between a few weeks and a few months. The Roman Emperor Caligula allegedly planned to appoint his favorite horse, Incitatus, to the consulship. Anthony A. Angus Maddison, The World Economy , vol. Robert B. Atlanta: Scholars Press, , ; M. Roth, Law Collections from Mesopotamia , Roth, Law Collections , The Agricultural Revolution is one of the most controversial events in history. Some partisans proclaim that it set humankind on the road to prosperity and progress.
See for example: James C. Around BC the largest settlements in the world were villages such as Jericho, which contained a few hundred individuals. For Jericho, see: Peter M. Akkermans and Glenn M. It boasted over one million subjects and a standing army of soldiers. Benjamin R. De Light and S. For example, judgements and read:. If a superior man strikes a woman of superior class and thereby causes her to miscarry her fetus, he shall weigh and deliver 10 shekels of silver for her fetus. These are the just decisions which Hammurabi, the able king, has established and thereby has directed the land along the course of truth and the correct way of life….
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Most biological studies acknowledge only the existence of pleasure, which is more easily defined and measured. Please move a little to the side. You are blocking the sunlight. Romanticism tells us that in order to make the most of our human potential we must have as many different experiences as we can.
Romanticism, which encourages variety, meshes perfectly with consumerism. London: Alcuin Academics, While she did not believe that radioactivity could kill her, she nevertheless died of aplastic anemia, a disease caused by over-exposure to radioactive materials. Nissen, Peter Damerow and Robert K. Gary Urton. Stephen D. Houston ed. A female honeybee larva can, for example, grow up to be either a queen or a worker, depending on what food it is fed. Its DNA programs the necessary behaviors for whatever role it will fulfill in life. John L. Capinera, ed.
Dordrecht: Springer, , But when particularly complex societies began to appear in the wake of the Agricultural Revolution, a completely new type of information became vital—numbers.
The first to overcome the problem were the ancient Sumerians, who lived in southern Mesopotamia. For the Sumerian culture, see: Harriet Crawford, ed. The Sumerian writing system did so by combining two types of signs, which were pressed in clay tablets. Hans J. Andean script was very different from its Sumerian counterpart. For hundreds, perhaps thousands of years, quipus were essential to the business of cities, kingdoms, and empires. In fact, quipus were so effective and accurate that in the early years following the Spanish conquest of South America, the Spaniards themselves employed quipus in the work of administering their new empire.
Rebecca M. Seaman, ed. At roughly the same time, Egyptians developed another full script known as hieroglyphics. James P. Shaughnessy, ed. Michael D. Coogan, ed. A writing exercise from a school in ancient Mesopotamia discovered by modern archeologists, gives us a glimpse into the lives of these students, some years ago :. Johann P. Arnason, S. Harold M. Houston, First Writing , Superiors got all the good things in life. Commoners got what was left. Slaves got a beating if they complained. According to a famous Hindu creation myth, the gods fashioned the world out of the body of a primeval being, the Purusa.
If, in British-ruled India, an Untouchable, a Brahmin, a Catholic Irishman, and a Protestant Englishman had somehow developed exactly the same business acumen, they still would not have had the same chance of becoming rich. For instance, many scholars surmise that the Hindu caste system took shape when Indo-Aryan people invaded the Indian subcontinent about years ago, subjugating the local population. Long after the Indo-Aryan invasion was forgotten, Indians continued to believe in the caste system and to abhor the pollution caused by caste mixing.
Secondly, in Africa there already existed a well-developed slave trade exporting slaves mainly to the Middle East , whereas in Europe slavery was very rare. Thirdly, and most importantly, American plantations in places such as Virginia, Haiti and Brazil were plagued by malaria and yellow fever, which had originated in Africa. Theologians argued that Africans descend from Ham, son of Noah, saddle by his father with a curse that his offspring would be slaves. For perceptions of inferior intelligence and morality, see also: Curtis J. In the Thirteenth Amendment to the US Constitution outlawed slavery and the Fourteenth Amendment mandated that citizenship and the equal protection of the law could not be denied on the basis of race.
The vicious circle did not stop there. John P. Jackson and Nadine M. Clennon King, a black student who applied to the University of Mississippi in , was forcefully committed to a mental asylum. Charles W. American aesthetic culture was built around white standards of beauty. Some of the earliest Chinese texts are oracle bones, dating to BC, used to divine the future.
As of , there were still 53 countries where a husband could not be prosecuted for the rape of his wife. Even in Germany, rape laws were amended only in to create a legal category of marital rape. For instance, in democratic Athens of the fifth century BC, an individual possessing a womb had no independent legal status and was forbidden to participate in popular assemblies or to be a judge.
Queen Olympias of Macedon was one of the most temperamental and forceful women of the ancient world, and even had her own husband, King Philip, assassinated. Joyce E. Salisbury, ed. According to one theory, insect wings evolved millions of years ago from body protrusions on flightless bugs.
For this and other theories see: David E. Chimpanzees, for example, use sex to cement political alliances, establish intimacy, and defuse tensions. See the classic: Frans B. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, For example, there are far-reaching differences in the behavior, desires, dress, and even body posture expected from women in classical Athens and women in modern Athens. The most common theory points to the fact that men are stronger than women, and that they have used their greater physical power to force women into submission.
Richard C. Recent studies of the hormonal and cognitive systems of men and women strengthen the assumption that men indeed have more aggressive and violent tendencies, and are therefore, on average, better suited to serve as common soldiers. Gail S. The French Empire in Africa was established and defended by the sweat and blood of Senegalese, Algerians, and working-class Frenchmen. For a general survey see: David Killingray and David Omissi, ed. Kai Filipiak, ed. Li and D. Maner, C. DeWall and M. Turke and L. A woman, on the other hand, had no problem finding a man willing to impregnate her.
There are many species of animals, such as elephants and bonobo chimpanzees, in which the dynamics between dependent females and competitive males results in a matriarchal society. Vidya and R. If someone questions your honor, only blood can wipe out the insult. And what is better in life than to see your enemies flee before you, and their pretty daughters trembling at your feet? Andrew M. Szymon Laks, Music of Another World , trans. Chester A. Kisiel Evanston, Ill. For information on barley money I have relied on an unpublished Ph. Sasson New York: C. Sasson, ; M.
Rollinger and U. Christoph Stuttgart: Steiner, , ; Daniel C. Sasson, Coming Soon. Tacitus, Agricola , ch. Doron Mendels Oxford: Peter Land, , Maddison, The World Economy , vol. Christian, Maps of Time ,